Varley Law Office, PLC
Now is the time dictated by Iowa law to begin negotiating crop land leases for 2020 or at least notify your tenant/landlord, as the case may be, if you wish to change any of the terms in your current lease. (Remember that mutual consent is required if you want to make changes in the middle of a multi-year lease.)
If you wish to terminate a cropland or pasture lease ending March 1, 2020, and have not already done so, you must serve notice in the manner set out in Iowa Code §562.7 on or before September 1, 2020. This statute does not apply to custom farming arrangements, but by tradition, many farm operators have come to expect notice by September 1.
Basing cropland rent on the current CSR2 (updated “corn suitability rating” assessment) of the soil in question is the most accurate and fair way to arrive at a comparable rent [See Computing a Cropland Cash Rental Rate]. In addition, you can calculate a CSR2 for your farm. Below is a table of farmland values and cash rents in counties for which we prepare farmland leases:
Finally, with its growing popularity, it is important to know a little information regarding Hemp production in the State of Iowa. In May 2019, the Iowa Hemp Act was signed and this year the Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship began issuing licenses to grow hemp. However, it is important that landowners know who they are leasing their land to if they plan on growing hemp on their land. If the hemp licensee grows hemp that fails the THC test, the entire crop will have to be destroyed. If the licensee fails to destroy the crop, the State of Iowa will come onto the land to do it. Moreover, if the operator cannot be found, the landowner will be assessed the costs of destroying the crop grown on their land.
Please contact our office if you have questions. Good luck with your negotiations!
VARLEY LAW OFFICE, PLC
Warren A. Varley • Attorneys-at-Law • Karen K. Varley
201 NE Second Street
P. O. Box 235
Stuart, Iowa 50250-0235